Introduction Works of architecture are physical artifacts that can be understood and interpreted as historical, cultural, and aesthetic products. They are directly related to the time and place in which they were produced, including who designed and built them. For the Paper, each student will select one work of architecture covered in the course to focus on. Students should first carefully investigate the physical specifics of the work of architecture they have selected, such as the spatial layout, materials, construction techniques, site / grounds, etc. Students should utilize a range of sources and materials for their investigation, such as: photographs; written history; interviews; design and construction documents; material sources and selections; and more. After gaining an understanding of the physical artifact, students should interpret the architecture as a historical, cultural, and aesthetic product. This interpretation reveals how the time and place shaped its creation. For example, the architecture or architect who designed it might have been: aligned with a historical movement, an embodiment of a style or approach to design, influenced by creative work (literature, art, dance, etc) of the time period, etc. Students should seek to understand how the work of architecture came into being, and and use the physical specifics of the architecture to prove their thesis or position within the paper. Assignment The Kailash Temple. Write a 3,000-word paper that studies and interprets the work of architecture as a historical, cultural, technical and aesthetic product. The paper should be a holistic interpretation of the Kailash Temple’s work of architecture, investigating a range of internal and external factors, as explained in the introduction above. The paper SHOULD NOT be a research report or book report, which is a recounting of facts about the work of architecture. This paper SHOULD BE an interpretation of the information students discover about the work of architecture. Each paper must be guided by an original thesis statement, which summarizes the student’s argument and takes a unique position about the work of architecture. Analysis and synthesis of research is required to produce a paper that satisfies this assignment. Thesis Statement The paper must include a thesis statement. Within the first paragraph, this thesis statement communicates the ‘big idea’ to the reader and, then in future paragraphs, is backed up by evidence / research. To formulate the thesis statement, helpful questions might be: In studying the architecture, what have you noticed? What questions or ideas have begun to formulate? What would I like to prove about the architecture in my paper? A minimum of 8 scholarly sources is required for the paper. Scholarly sources are academic in nature and/or are written by experts. General sources, like Wikipedia, are NOT scholarly. The course textbook and lectures can be used as sources for the paper, but they do NOT count toward the minimum number of sources. In your research and interpretation, the physical characteristics of the work of architecture are likely to stand out to you, as these are easily seen and assessed in photos and drawings. In addition to the physical, don’t overlook the range of intangible factors that guided the creation of the architectural work. For example, the specific preferences of the architect, the financial budget available, and the time period. Don’t overlook the importance of architectural ‘site’ and ‘context’. The architectural site is composed of the physical characteristics and parameters of the land the work of architecture is located on or within. The topography, property boundaries, trees and other flora, and soil types are all characteristics of the site. For example: Does the project nestle or fit within the site, or is it in contrast? How did the location of large trees impact what could be designed and built? How did the architect respond to the steep slope of the land? The architectural context is a much broader concept, including characteristics of the surroundings. Examples of the physical surroundings are climate, landscape, rainfall, adjacent buildings, and streets. For example: How does the annual rainfall and temperature impact the design? How does the architecture address the shade from the adjacent building? When interpreting the architecture, consider the socio/cultural/historical surroundings, such as the time period, cultural traditions, client / owner, and daily life. For example: Can we see the cultural tradition of basket-weaving within the architecture? How did other creative works impact the architect at the time this project was designed and built? Are the construction methods typical for this area of the world? Consider how the work of architecture has been used over time. If the project had an original client or user, what were the original goals for the projects? How did the design meet their needs? Investigate how the work of architecture might have been used differently over various time periods to address changing needs or preferences. How is the project being used today? In the writing of the paper, be sure to use a formal academic style of writing. While you’ll be communicating your ideas and conclusions, you should write from a third person point of view. You should NOT use first person statements using “I”, “me”, or “my”. Detailed Paper Requirements Note the detailed requirements outlined below. Points will be deducted for not following the prescribed format, citation style, etc. General – 3,000 (minimum) word count. – The paper must follow Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition (Resources (Links to an external site.) available within the Purdue Owl.) – Use New Times Roman font, 12 point, single-spaced, with all margins set to one inch (1”). Word Count The paper must be a minimum of 3,000 words. Using the “word count” tool in Microsoft Word, the word count quantifies the body of the paper. The word count does NOT include image captions, bibliography, or footnotes. The abstract written for the Paper Outline can be incorporated into the body of the paper and contribute to the word count. If not incorporated (ie. the abstract is a stand alone paragraph at beginning of the paper), it does not contribute to the word count. Cover Page Create a cover page that includes the following information in the upper left corner of the page: – Title of Paper – Student’s Name – Course and Section Number, Semester and Year – Word Count of the Student’s Paper Images The paper should include a minimum of 5 images. Select images that enhance or illustrate the ideas you are discussing. Each image should be clearly labeled, have a caption, and the source is clearly cited in the footnotes at the bottom of the page. For example: “Figure 1: The north façade clearly features the library entrance and the intricate Art Deco details.32″ The image label (ie. Figure 1) should be referred to in the body of the paper to connect the paper text with the images. The images should be included on their own pages after the paper text and before the bibliography. Note: The images and their captions do not contribute towards or reduce the word count. Citations + Citation Style Use Chicago Style 17th edition for footnotes (embedded at the bottom of each page) and a bibliography (at the conclusion of the paper). The Purdue Owl is a great source for citation information and guidance (Link to Resources (Links to an external site.)). For Chicago Style citations, the bibliography format is slightly different from the footnote format. Note: Chicago Style is a specific format style and different than APA style, more commonly used in high school courses. Required Sources (8 minimum) – A minimum of 8 scholarly sources is required. The course textbook and lectures can be used as sources for the paper, but they do not count toward the minimum number of sources. – Research for this paper should come from a variety of scholarly sources. Consider: books; journal articles; videos / documentaries; interviews; design and construction documents; and academically recognized web sources. – Do not use Wikipedia or similar Wiki encyclopedia-like pages. These sources can be edited at any time by users and their information is not verified.