This paper should be based on Lesson 3, Readings/Videos 3, and your own research about environmental justice problems in the Global South. Discussion questions below should be answered in your paper; make connections between those questions/answers:
• According to this Lesson and Readings/videos 3 what environmental injustices affect people in the Global South and how is the Global North involved in it?
• How are people in the Global South affected by air pollution and climate change and why is that environmental injustice? Give examples.
• What incidents/actions described in the video “The Case Against Shell: Landmark Human Rights Trial,” serve as evidences that Shell worked hand in hand with the Nigerian government in human rights violations?
• How is the issue mentioned in the article by Silas Kpanan’Ayoung Siakor (available in Lessons area as a pdf file) related to environmental injustice, and what solutions are proposed?
• Why is E-waste an environmental injustice problem and what can be solutions to this problem? Explain and give examples for both questions.
• What is the link between fast fashion and environmental injustices? What are solutions to fast fashion injustices?
Students should incorporate research about as many of the following aspects as possible:
after the final day (the end of the course) for any reason.
NO assignment is accepted
Note, extra credit assignment does not make
up for a missing assignment. It gives a student few additional points that can make up for
few points lost for one late assignment submission or a missing assignment part.
•economic issues (incomes, low tax base, misuse of cost benefit analysis)
•measurement of bias, quantitative measures of racist impact or Western privilege or need for such data
•pertinent laws & policies
•resistance & ways resistance has driven towards solutions (resistance movements, etc.) •various solutions
Paper must be double-spaced and references must follow APA citation format. (Include full references, not just links to videos or other websites!)
Format and Presentation:
Do NOT skip lines between paragraphs. Use Times New Roman or CG Times as your font, 12-point size. Papers must be typewritten, double-spaced with approximately 1” margins. Number all pages. A bibliography is a necessary part of a research paper (see Citation, below), and should be listed on the separate page following your paper. Cover page should NOT be page 1 of a paper!!
This is sometimes tricky, but by this point in your academic career, it is essential that you do it correctly. It is expected that you will use material from the texts and lecture to analyze your subject. Thus, whether you use direct quotes or paraphrases, you must give credit to the authors of those words, when they are not your own.
If you cite a lecture, do it this way: (Lecture, 5/31/05). However, relying solely on lecture citations for material that is also in the readings reveals to me that your familiarity with the readings is inadequate. So, you should be sure to prioritize. Where appropriate, always cite the original source and not my delivery of it in lecture.
In the text, directly quoted course materials from the textbook should be cited in one of the following ways:
“The stereotypes that we learn not only justify prejudice and discrimination but also can produce the behavior depicted in the stereotype” (Henslin, 2001:331).
James Henslin (2001:331) suggests that, “The stereotypes that we learn not only justify prejudice and discrimination but also can produce the behavior depicted in the stereotype.”
Also, be sure to cite any ideas that you borrow, not just quoted text. For instance:
Many analysts have noted how stereotypes may produce the behavior they depict (Henslin, 2001:331).
Any direct quotation that is longer than three lines needs to be set off from the body of the paper by indenting and single-spacing. Since your papers will be double-spaced and indented only to begin paragraphs, you will see the contrast. Be careful to differentiate between what the textbook authors are saying themselves, and the other authors that they may in turn quote. Cite accordingly. Do not string quotes together without putting them in context with your own prose. When you use a direct quote, place it in the context of a sentence that includes an explanation of what the quote means and why it is useful in service of the point you are making.
A full reference, including the author’s name, book or article title, publishing information and page numbers will appear in a separate, alphabetically organized bibliography at the end of the paper, under the heading, “References”. Below is an example of a reference from the reader and from Henslin.
Anderson, Elijah. 1996. “The Code of the Streets.” Pp. 62-73 in Susan J. Ferguson (Ed.) Mapping the Social Landscape. London: Mayfield.