For this exercise you will replicate the Cohort and the TRACE models with your own set of words, and you
will provide a hypothesis describing what you expect the Cohort and the TRACE models to predict.
The words you select should have 2 syllables (the number of syllables must be constant across all the
words, otherwise it will be a confounding variable).
The Cohort model should have 3 words – the target word, the cohort competitor, and an unrelated word.
The TRACE model should have 4 words – the target word, the cohort competitor, the rhyme competitor,
and an unrelated word.
You don’t need to worry about the exact times of activation, since you are only defining the (alternative)
hypothesis (before you have actually conducted the study)
For your hypotheses, please cite the relevant studies:
Allopenna, P. D., Magnuson, J. S., & Tanenhaus, M. K. (1998). Tracking the time course of spoken word
recognition: Evidence for continuous mapping models. Journal of Memory and Language, 38, 419–439.
Marslen-Wilson, W. D. (1987). Functional parallelism in spoken word recognition. Cognition, 25, 71–102.
McClelland, J. L., & Elman, J. L. (1986). The TRACE model of speech perception. Cognitive Psychology,