Abstract – The abstract is a short (about 100-500 word) summary of the entire paper. It should include: goals
and objectives, results, and conclusions. It is usually one of the last parts of the paper to be written.
Introduction – The introduction also has three main purposes. First, it provides background and motivation for
your topic (usually includes a review of current literature on the topic). Second, it describes the focus and
purpose of the paper you are writing. Third, it gives an overview of what is contained in the paper’s various
Methods/Procedure – This section describes what you did, how you did it, gives strategies, sample calculation
diagrams and circuits, and descriptions of equipment.
Results – This section is where you prove your point with the data. Give graphs and tables of costs, profits,
whatever your data is. Also give some description or guide to help the reader recognize your important points
Conclusions/Discussion – Here you state what your learned or proved. What are the “take home messages” o
major accomplishments of this work? You may also describe interesting observations, new questions, and
future work here.
References – A list of the references you used in the work