Question: How to effectively manage postoperative pain by administer the suitable analgesia according to pain assessment?
Chapter 1: Introduction and Background
-An overview of acute pain management
-Pain assessment in recovery
-Current guideline on acute pain management
Chapter 2: Methodology
P Population Adult post-operative patients
I Intervention Pain management
C Comparison N/A?
O Outcome Effective post-operative recovery
(P) AND Keyword
(I) AND Keyword
Post-operation Pain management Effective
OR OR OR
Recovery Pain relief Improve
OR OR OR
Post-op Pain control Enhanced
After surgery Analgesia
Chapter 3: Finding
Quality Improvement Initiative to Improve Postoperative Pain with a Clinical Pathway and Nursing Education Program
Evaluation of postoperative pain under the nurse’s point of view
Enhanced Recovery After Surgery–The Importance of the Perianesthesia Nurse on Program Success.
Multimodal Pain Management for Enhanced Recovery: Reinforcing the Shift From Traditional Pathways Through Nurse‐Led Interventions
Pharmacotherapy for Acute Pain: Implications for Practice
Post-operative pain management in day surgery.
Chapter 4: Discussion and conclusion
The future of surgical nursing and enhanced recovery programmes
The Role of the Perioperative Nurse in Improving Surgical Patients’ Clinical Outcomes and Satisfaction: Beyond Medication.
Postoperative pain management in the postanesthesia care unit: an update
Wu CL, Raja SN. Treatment of acute postoperative pain. Lancet. 2011;377(9784):2215–2225.
Hjermstad MJ, Fayers PM, Haugen DF, et al. European Palliative Care Research Collaborative (EPCRC) Studies comparing numerical rating scales, verbal rating scales, and visual analogue scales for assessment of pain intensity in adults: a systematic literature review. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2011;41(6):1073–1093.
Ling P, Siyuan Y, Wei W, Quan G, Bo G. Assessment of postoperative pain intensity by using photoplethysmography. J Anesth. 2014;28(6):846–853.
The Clinical Journal of Pain: April 2014 – Volume 30 – Issue 4 – p 316-323
Impact of Intravenous Lidocaine Infusion on Postoperative Analgesia and Recovery from Surgery
Postoperative Pain Experience: Results from a National Survey Suggest Postoperative Pain Continues to Be Undermanaged; Anesthesia & Analgesia: August 2003 – Volume 97 – Issue 2 – p 534-540
Relationship between nurses’ pain knowledge and pain management outcomes for their postoperative cardiac patients
Guidelines on the Management of Postoperative Pain; The Journal of Pain, Vol 17, No 2 (February), 2016: pp 131-157
Enhanced Recovery After Surgery and Acute Postoperative Pain Management. DOI: 10.1097/GRF.0000000000000475