We have been focusing upon how those at the top of terrorist groups perform leadership roles and influence various audiences (both within their organizations and to the world at large). For this research paper compare and contrast the leadership and communication techniques of former al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden with those of one other terrorist leader. Compare and contrast bin Laden’s leadership and communication approaches with Ayman al-Zawahiri’s. State the topic.
Ayman al-Zawahiri (al Qaeda successor of Osama bin Laden)
Use these sources below and other outside sources from google scholarly.
Gohel, S. M. (2017) Deciphering Ayman Al-Zawahiri and Al-Qaeda’s strategic and ideological imperatives. Perspectives on Terrorism, 11 (1). pp. 54-67. ISSN 2334-3745. Retrieved from http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/86743/1/Gohel_Deciphering%20Al-Qaeda_2018.pdf
Ayman al-Zawahiri (2018). The Counter Extremist Project. Retrieved from https://www.counterextremism.com/extremists/ayman-al-zawahiri
Sude, B. (2015, September). Assessing Al-Qa`ida Central’s Resilience. Retrieved from https://ctc.usma.edu/assessing-al-qaida-centrals-resilience/
Council on Foreign Relations. (2011, July 14). Profile: Ayman al-Zawahiri. Retrieved from https://www.cfr.org/backgrounder/profile-ayman-al-zawahiri
A brief and defined/stated introduction, with the topic and your thesis
The body of your report is to be at least FOUR FULL pages in length (not counting title page and references) and is to contain the following:
The main body, containing the “meat” of the paper, where you provide the requested information supported by class readings and with your analysis.
A brief and defined/stated conclusion, summarizing your information clearly and concisely
Make sure you read the instructions carefully and that you focus your paper on answering the assigned questions.
This assignment is a research paper, not an opinion paper, so you need to use scholarly sources to support your thesis.
Use formal academic writing and do not use the first person such as ‘I’ or ‘my’; see the OWL site on academic writing style. Make sure you use APA style in-text parenthetical citations at the end of every sentence where you are quoting another’s ideas (or any information) that is not your own thoughts and words, like this (Bergen, 2015, para 14).
Citations are required for paraphrases as well, but not the page or paragraph number in that case. You are welcome to use supplementary sources to complement the assigned readings based upon your research, but make sure you use only scholarly and credible sources.
Written according to the APA style and format (parenthetical in-text citation formats only
not endnotes or footnotes).
Use Times New Roman 12 point font.
1-inch margins on all sides with no paragraph indentation other than the first line by .5 inches.
Double-space all text.
A respectable number of credible resources used, cited in the paper as in-text citations, and included on the reference page.
Finally, be mindful of excessive direct quotes as the paper should not contain just a string of quotations from sources. “Quotes cannot make up more than 10% of the text of your assignment.” So paraphrase where you can and provide your own analysis and synthesis of your research (direct quotes only when necessary to support your thesis).