HRM09403 Organisational Change Management
Case Study: Le Chic Restaurant
The Le Chic is a restaurant located on a busy street in the centre of a major city. It attracts a steady flow of customers who like its commitment to quick service with good food. As such the management pride themselves on offering a standard menu, which includes a good range of affordable yet delicious dishes – from starters and appetizers, through main courses and specials to pastries and desserts. While Le Chic seats around 80 customers, its layout is basic restaurant style and customers have often said that it has a ‘fast-food’ feel to it which fits with its current business objectives but may not be ideal for the future. A major concern for management has always been to maximise efficiency and reduce turnaround times: orders must be swiftly relayed to the kitchen and the food brought to the table within 15 minutes, even during ‘peak hours’ – the intended outcomes being consistency in both customer service and daily sales targets.
Le Chic employs 35 people, 50% of whom have permanent contracts, working either day or evening shifts. The other half is split between part-timers and relief workers who are usually the ones to do double shifts over busy weekends. All terms and conditions of employment are negotiated on an individual basis.
Over the past few months staff have found it increasingly hard to maintain the desired levels of customer service. There seems to be a lack of coordination between waiting and kitchen staff. Once seated, customers often have to wait for as long as one and a half hours before being served while a large number of those queuing up outside usually just give up on the long waits and walk away in search of other eating options, which in the city centre are plentiful. More alarmingly, profit margins have remained ‘thin’ in the recent years and, for the first time in 10 years losses were registered on the restaurant’s balance sheet. Le Chic’s current manager attributes this particularly poor performance to the economic crisis and to the fact that the competition has all of a sudden tightened up with the opening of a pub and two new restaurants on the main street and a growing cluster of similar businesses within a mile radius.
Dispirited, the current manager has decided to step down to make way for a new manager, John, who has just completed his Masters in Business Administration but also has experience of working in another similar type of restaurant. John’s remit is to deliver a new business strategy that can effectively reverse Le Chic’s current performance and ensure its survival and growth in the longer term. Whilst recognizing that these are indeed difficult times, John believes that there is need, more than ever, for businesses demonstrate an ‘entrepreneurial spirit’ if they are to have any chance of success. He has therefore formulated a proactive and quite aggressive change strategy containing the following key components, which are to come on stream almost at the same time:
• Le Chic is to be turned into a chain restaurant. A total of £1.5 million is to be spent on the refurbishment of the existing site and on the set up of two new restaurants in different cities.
• The chain restaurant will differentiate its offerings in the form of a revamped more upmarket menu, a sumptuous décor and a new bar area, for which a select clientele would be more than willing to pay a premium.
• Around 60 new employees are to be recruited and deployed across the three restaurants. While all members of staff will have to attend induction training to meet the new standards of service, some of the more experienced staff will be transferred to the newly opened restaurants to help out with on-the-job training for new recruits.
• A new information system will be set up to link up Le Chic with its suppliers and standardize ordering, payment and accounting processes across restaurants. Also, a multimedia website will enable customers to access menus, make reservations, post feedback, download discount vouchers, benefit from promotional events or simply keep abreast of any development at Le Chic.
• Le Chic will seek opportunities for joint promotional alliances with potential partners especially those operating in the same areas of the chosen cities. A good example might be cinemas and local bowling alleys.
• Finally, Le Chic will demonstrate social responsibility by sponsoring community projects, which can contribute to the development of a strong brand image and a self-reinforcing cycle of social value, employee engagement, customer loyalty and enhanced return on investment.
All the owners of Le Chic think that John’s business strategy is very creative and the promise of bringing profit margins to 15% within 5 years. However, some have expressed their concerns with regards to the considerable capital outlay that John’s new strategy will require, which, if unsuccessful, will leave the business potentially bankrupt. To allay these concerns, John has asked to hire the services of a consultant to help him out with the execution of his new business strategy.
You are required to step into the shoes of the consultant hired by Le Chic. Your task is to write a report addressing the key change issues that can have a significant impact on the implementation of its new business strategy. While practically oriented, your report should draw on appropriate change theories and models to include the following:
1. An analysis of the change context taking into account both the internal and external drivers for change. This should include both a PEST and SWOT analysis (please note that the word count contained within these tables will not be included in the overall word count, so please be as detailed as necessary). (500)
2. An analysis of the nature of change facing Le Chic using key theory (500).
3. A critical examination of the possible types of employee reactions to the proposed change, again using the key theory to underpin the discussion and giving consideration to the different types of employees employed by Le Chic (800 words).
4. Recommendations as to how management should plan and execute the proposed change so as to ensure its successful implementation using a one of the change models covered in the lectures. Please also note that this section using the theory should be context specific (700 words).
Your report should include the following the following sections:
• Introduction: 200 words
• Body: 2500 words (accounting for the 4 parts detailed above)
• Conclusion: 300 words
• A list of references (adhering to the APA Referencing Style)
• Appendices (if appropriate).
Word count and Submission Date
As per breakdown above, the report should be around 3000 words long (10% below or above the limit is acceptable). Please state your word count on the assessment front cover. Please also note that this assessment accounts for 90% of your final mark.
NB: The report must be referenced following the APA Referencing System and you must support your arguments and recommendations with academic theory.
Refer to Marking Criteria on next page
Coursework Marking Criteria
Merit: 65% and above
Pass: 40 – 64%
Fail: less than 40%
Presentation & style
10% Neat, legible presentation. Correct spelling. Accurate grammar and punctuation. Meaning clear and fluid with an articulate academic writing style. Neat, legible presentation. Occasional spelling errors. Mainly accurate grammar and punctuation. Coherent meaning and fluent writing style. Untidy and difficult to read. Significantly poor spelling. Poor grammar and punctuation. Meaning unclear. Language lacks fluency.
Evidence of research and wider reading
25% Demonstrates sound knowledge of an extensive range of appropriate and current literature. Demonstrates some knowledge of a range of appropriate and current literature. Demonstrates little knowledge of appropriate literature.
20% Sound understanding of and ability to compare theories. Sophisticated analysis. Critical approach to literature. Sound understanding of theories. Attempts to analyse or take a critical approach to literature. Lacks understanding. Relies on description. Inadequate level of analysis and criticism.
Coherent and logical framework
25% All strands of the argument are consistent and supported by evidence. Conclusions are innovative and convincing. Follows a logical process. The argument is generally consistent and supported by evidence. Conclusions are drawn from the evidence presented. Follows a logical process. The argument is inconsistent, and lacks supporting evidence. Conclusions are either not drawn, or cannot be supported by the evidence offered. Does not follow a logical process.
Quality of conclusion
10% Identifies significant points from preceding discussion. Draws together main threads of argument. Makes a concluding statement based on these arguments. No new information introduced Summarises main points effectively. No new information introduced. Fails to summarise main points. Introduces new information.
10% Literature is accurately integrated into the text. All sources acknowledged. APA citation method used consistently. Literature is accurately integrated into the text. Most sources acknowledged. APA citation method used consistently. Literature not integrated into the text, or not used. Sources not acknowledged. APA method either very poorly or not used.